华樱外语科普帖:SAT写作话题分类
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华樱外语科普帖:SAT写作话题分类

文章来源:华樱出国   发布时间:2017年06月21日   点击数:

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新SAT考试在今年的3月份已经是揭开了其面纱,在经过了几次的露面之后,改革后的写作部分也是渐渐明朗了起来,其实新SAT的写作是有迹可循的,一起来听听成都华樱外语的杨老师是如何分析SAT写作话题的。
 
 
一、主流权威、他人观点类。这一类的关键词主要是围绕他人的意见观点对自己以及别人的影响。其中主流权威是常见的观点,要辩证地看待他人的观点,不过分迷信,但也要肯定其作用和影响。当然影响也有正面和负面的,就看考生站在哪个角度去阐述。以下为例题
1.Is the opinion of the majority—in government or in any other circumstances—a poor guide? 
2. Are people afraid to speak out against authority, whether the authority is an individual, a group, or a government? 
3.Does worrying too much about other people’s opinions prevent us from seeing things clearly? 
4.Do newspapers, magazines, television, radio, movies, the Internet, and other media determine what is important to most people? 
5.Is praising others, even if the praise is excessive or undeserved, a necessary part of life? 
6.Is it important to question the ideas and decisions of people in positions of authority? 
7.Is criticism—judging or finding fault with the ideas and actions of others—essential for personal well-being and social progress?
8.Should our perceptions of beauty be influenced by the perceptions of beauty of other people? 
9.Are established rules too limited to guide people in real-life situations? 
10.Do we need other people to identify who we are? 
 
 
 
二、选择和决定。这一类题比较多样,但都是围绕着选择和决定这两个中心,从各个角度去探讨它们与人的主观能动性和客观约束的关系。每个人都要做很多重要的决定,如何去正确的做出选择,以及这些选择对我们未来及他人的影响,都是值得思考的。以下为例题。
1.Are people better at making observations, discoveries, and decisions if they remain neutral and impartial?
2.Do success and happiness depend on the choices people make rather than on factors beyond their control? 
3.Does having a large number of options to choose from make people happy? 4.Should people choose one of two opposing sides of an issue, or is the truth usually found "in the middle"(2007.12)
5.Are people’s lives the results of the choice they make?
6.Do bad choices and good choices equally have negative consequences?
 
 
 
三、个人与集体,个性与自我。这一类题目主要是探讨个人与集体的辨证关系。每个人都是属于集体中的一员,处理好与集体的关系很重要,但保持个性和自我也是很重要的。个人与集体利益价值观之间的冲突,往往也是SAT作文题目的取材点。以下为例题。
1.Is a person responsible, through the example he or she sets, for the behavior of other people? 
2.Do we put too much value on the ideas or actions of individual people? 
3.Should people take more responsibility for solving problems that affect their communities or the nation in general? 
4.Is it always best to determine one's own views of right and wrong, or can we benefit from following the crowd? 
5.Is there any value for people to belong only to a group or groups with which they have something in common? 
6.Are organizations or groups most successful when their members pursue individual wishes and goals? 
7.Do people accomplish more when they are allowed to do things in their own way? 
8.Should each individual decide what and how to learn?
9.Does the success of a community—whether it is a class, a team, a family, a nation, or any other group—depend upon people's willingness to limit their personal interests? 
10. Do we tend to accept the opinions of others instead of developing our own independent ideas? 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                四、成功类话题。如何衡量个人的成功,是金钱还是名誉,这类问题不仅是考试的热点,也是社会的热点。在作文里写成功应多参照一些成功学的观点,可以多讲付出和努力的过程,辨证地看待这个问题。
1.Is success in life earned or do people succeed because they are lucky? 
2.Has the acquisition of money and possessions replaced more meaningful ways of measuring our achievements? 
3.Is it more important to do work that one finds fulfilling or work that pays well? 
4.Is it best to have low expectations and to set goals we are sure of achieving? 
5.Do people achieve greatness only by finding out what they are especially good at and developing that attribute above all else? 
6.Is the effort involved in pursuing any goal valuable, even if the goal is not reached?
8.Do people have to be highly competitive to succeed?
9.Do people achieve success only if they aim to be perfect?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
 
五、挫折和逆境。这类题目例子很丰富,论证也相对比较容易,讲挫折和失败对人的影响,正面和负面都有,以及失败与成功的辨证关系。很多考生在准备SAT考试的过程中,也经历了不少的坎坷,这些都是很好的写作素材。         
1.Is conflict helpful? 
2.Is it necessary to make mistakes, even when doing so has negative consequences for other people?
3.Can any obstacle or disadvantage be turned into something good? 
4.Does true learning only occur when we experience difficulties?
5.Do people truly benefit from hardship and misfortune? 
6.Do you think that ease does not challenge us and that we need adversity to help us discover who we are?
7.Do people learn more from losing than winning?
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            
六、改变。每个人能从变化中得到什么,又会失去什么。变革与发展对社会会产生怎样的影响。在平时练习中就要学会用辨证的方法来看待这些问题。
1.Do the benefits of scientific and technological developments come at the cost of undesirable changes to people's lives? 
2.Is it best not to change our ideas, opinions, or behaviors?
3.Is our ability to change ourselves unlimited, or are there limits on our ability to make important changes in our lives? 
4.Does the truth change depending on how people look at things? 
5.Is it better to change one's attitude than to change one's circumstances? 6.What motivates people to change?
7.Do changes make our lives easier not necessarily make them better?
8.Is the world changing for better?
 
 
 
七、英雄名人类。遇到这类问题,考生可以结合历史与当今社会的一些现象谈谈,在论证中准备几个有特点的政治家是有必要的,它不仅能体现领导能力,还能阐述伟人对历史的推动作用。
1.Are leaders necessarily people who are most capable of leadership? 
2.Is society’s admiration for famous people beneficial or harmful? 
3. Is there a value in celebrating certain individuals as heroes?
4.Should we admire heroes but not celebrities?
5.Should heroes be defined who say what they think when we lack the courage to say so?
 
 
 
以上就是华樱外语杨老师整理的SAT写作话题,考生们要根据上述话题去准备素材和观点,真正做到以不变应万变。
 
 
 
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