SAT_ESSAY 练习(二)
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SAT_ESSAY 练习(二)

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 SAT?   Practice Essay  #4

 

 

DIRECTIONS REMINDERS:

 

The essay gives you an opportunity to show how effectively you can read and comprehend a passage and write an essay analyzing the passage. In your essay, you should demonstrate that you have read the passage carefully, present a clear and logical analysis, and use language precisely.

 

Your essay must be written on the lines provided in your answer booklet; except for the Planning Page of the answer booklet, you will receive no other paper on which to write. You will have enough space if you write on every line, avoid wide margins, and keep your handwriting to a reasonable size. Remember that people who are not familiar with your handwriting will read what you write. Try to write or print so that what you are writing is legible to those readers.

 

You have 50 minutes to read the passage and write an essay in response to the prompt provided inside this booklet.

— Do not write your essay in this booklet. Only what you write on the lined pages of your answer booklet will be evaluated.

 

— An off-topic essay will not be evaluated.

  

Practice:

 

Follow this link for more information on scoring your test: www.sat.org/scoring

 

This cover is representative of what you’ll see on test day.

 

 

THIS TEST BOOKLET MUST NOT BE TAKEN FROM THE ROOM. UNAUTHORIZED

 

REPRODUCTION OR USE OF ANY PART OF THIS TEST BOOKLET IS PROHIBITED.

 

? 2015 The College Board. College Board and the acorn logo are registered trademarks of the College Board.

 

As you read the passage below, consider how Peter S. Goodman uses

 

? evidence, such as facts or examples, to support claims.

 

? reasoning to develop ideas and to connect claims and evidence.

 

? stylistic or persuasive elements, such as word choice or appeals to emotion, to add power to the ideas expressed.

 

 

Adapted from Peter S. Goodman, “Foreign News at a Crisis Point.” ?2013 by TheHuffingtonPost.com, Inc. Originally published September 25, 2013. Peter Goodman is the executive business and global news editor at TheHuffingtonPost.com.

 

1 Back in 2003, American Journalism Review produced a census of foreign correspondents then employed by newspapers based in the United States, and found 307 full-time people. When AJR repeated the exercise in the summer of 2011, the count had dropped to 234. And even that number was significantly inflated by the inclusion of contract writers who had replaced full-time staffers.

 

2 In the intervening eight years, 20 American news organizations had entirely eliminated their foreign bureaus.

 

3 The same AJR survey zeroed in on a representative sampling of American papers from across the country and found that the space devoted to foreign news had shrunk by 53 percent over the previous quarter-century.

 

4 All of this decline was playing out at a time when the U.S. was embroiled in two overseas wars, with hundreds of thousands of Americans deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan. It was happening as domestic politics grappled with the merits and consequences of a global war on terror, as a Great Recession was blamed in part on global imbalances in savings, and as world leaders debated a global trade treaty and pacts aimed at addressing climate change. It unfolded as American workers heard increasingly that their wages and job security were under assault by competition from counterparts on the other side of oceans.

 

5 In short, news of the world is becoming palpably more relevant to the day-to-day experiences of American readers, and it is rapidly disappearing.

 

6 Yet the same forces that have assailed print media, eroding foreign news along the way, may be fashioning a useful response. Several nonprofit outlets have popped up to finance foreign reporting, and a for-profit outfit, GlobalPost, has dispatched a team of 18 senior correspondents into the field, supplemented by dozens of stringers and freelancers. . . .

 

7 We are intent on forging fresh platforms for user-generated content: testimonials, snapshots and video clips from readers documenting issues in need of attention. Too often these sorts of efforts wind up feeling marginal or even patronizing: “Dear peasant, here’s your chance to speak to the pros about what’s happening in your tiny little corner of the world.” We see user-generated content as a genuine reporting tool,

one that operates on the premise that we can only be in so many places at once. Crowd-sourcing is a fundamental advantage of the web, so why not embrace it as a means of piecing together a broader and more textured understanding of events?

 

8 We all know the power of Twitter, Facebook and other forms of social media to connect readers in one place with images and impressions from situations unfolding far away. We know the force of social media during the Arab Spring, as activists convened and reacted to changing circumstances. . . . Facts and insights reside on social media, waiting to be harvested by the digitally literate contemporary correspondent.

 

9 And yet those of us who have been engaged in foreign reporting for many years will confess to unease over many of the developments unfolding online, even as we recognize the trends are as unstoppable as globalization or the weather. Too often it seems as if professional foreign correspondents, the people paid to use their expertise while serving as informational filters, are being replaced by citizen journalists who function largely as funnels, pouring insight along with speculation, propaganda and other white noise into the mix.

 

10 We can celebrate the democratization of media, the breakdown of monopolies, the rise of innovative means of telling stories, and the inclusion of a diversity of voices, and still ask whether the results are making us better informed. Indeed, we have a professional responsibility to continually ask that question while seeking to engineer new models that can channel the web in the interest of better informing readers. . . .

 

11 We need to embrace the present and gear for the future. These are days in which newsrooms simply must be entrepreneurial and creative in pursuit of new means of reporting and paying for it. That makes this a particularly interesting time to be doing the work, but it also requires forthright attention to a central demand: We need to put back what the Internet has taken away. We need to turn the void into something fresh and compelling. We need to re-examine and update how we gather information and how we engage readers, while retaining the core values of serious-minded journalism.

 

12 This will not be easy. . . . But the alternative—accepting ignorance and parochialism—is simply not an option.

 

 

Write an essay in which you explain how Peter S. Goodman builds an argument to persuade his audience that news organizations should increase the amount of professional foreign news coverage provided to Americans. In your essay, analyze how Goodman uses one or more of the features listed in the box above (or features of your own choice) to strengthen the logic and persuasiveness of his argument. Be sure that your analysis focuses on the most relevant features of the passage.

 

Your essay should not explain whether you agree with Goodman’s claims, but rather explain how Goodman builds an argument to persuade his audience.

YOUR NAME (PRINT) ...................................................................................................................................................................................................

 

LAST FIRST MI

 

TEST CENTER .................................................................................................................................................................................................................

 

NUMBER NAME OF TEST CENTER ROOM NUMBER

 

5LS04E

 

Ideas contained in the passage for this test, which is excerpted or adapted from published material, do not necessarily represent the opinions of the College Board.

 

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