句子插入型题例题详解
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句子插入型题例题详解

文章来源:华樱出国   发布时间:2017年03月14日   点击数:

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句子插入题是托福阅读的必考题型,一般出现在阅读的倒数第二题,因为题目本身的难度比较大,大部分考生在遇到此题时都容易选错。此题中,插入的句子要和原文有一定的关系,用来出题的段落在前面的题目中已经出现过;另外,出题会确保不会因为缺失这个句子而影响全文的大意,要插入的这句是可有可无的,要么总结引领下文,要么进一步解释上文。出题原理有指代线索、逻辑线索、组织结构和语义线索。华樱外语的周老师整理了托福阅读句子插入题的解题方法。

 

首先,做句子插入题时必须先读句子而不是先读段落,并且要看句子的逻辑关系,根据关键词和要点来选择,关键词是解题的关键,它是理解上下文和这个句子的逻辑关系的核心,关键词有逻辑连词(因果、转折、递进等)、指代词等,常见的关键词有in additionon the other handfor exampleon the contrarythereforein other wordsfinallysimilarlyas a resultthisthatsuch等;此外,还可以从第一个小黑方块前一句开始读,逐一带入进行验证,插入句必须满足前后两条线索,先看前线索再看后线索;另外,句子的顺序应遵循从大到小,从抽象到具体的原则,找到重复的句意后,按照大小顺序安置插入句的位置。

 

(一)例一以TPO10第三篇Seventeenth-Century European Economic Growth为例

插入句:They could also avoid having to identify and asses the value of a wide variety of coins issued in many different places.

原文:The development of banking and other financial services contributed to the expansion of trade. By the middle of the sixteenth century, financiers and traders commonly accepted bills of exchange in place of gold or silver for other goods. Bills of exchange, which had their origins in medieval Italy, were promissory notes (written promises to pay a specified amount of money by a certain date) that could be sold to third parties. In this way, they provided credit.

 

AAt mid-century, an Antwerp financier only slightly exaggerated when he claimed, 0ne can no more trade without bills of exchange than sail without water."

B Merchants no longer had to carry gold and silver over long, dangerous journeys.

C An Amsterdam merchant purchasing soap from a merchant in Marseille could go to an exchanger and pay the exchanger the equivalent sum in guilders, the Dutch currency.

D The exchanger would then send a bill of exchange to a colleague in Marseille, authorizing the colleague to pay the Marseille merchant in the merchant's own currency after the actual exchange of goods had taken place.

正确答案是:C

 

解析:文中有四个过渡点,分别是名词coinsmany different places,代词they和副词alsocoins与原文倒数第二句的currency货币同义替换,many different places与原文倒数第二句的AmsterdamMarseille对应,所以C或者D正确;此外,coins还可以与倒数第三句的coins and sliver对应,所以B或者C正确;而且they also avoid 说明之前他们已经避免了一件事,刚好对应倒数第三句的no longer have to carry gold and silver,所以选C

 

以上就是周老师整理的托福阅读句子插入题的解题方法,希望能帮助到有需要的同学。

 

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