如何用细节拓展托福口语内容,华樱外语整理
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如何用细节拓展托福口语内容,华樱外语整理

文章来源:华樱出国   发布时间:2016年11月30日   点击数:

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托福口语的独立题一共有两个,都明确要求学生在回答中要举出足够的细节和例子。但很多的中国考生在回答时明显达不到要求,细节过于空泛,重复观点的现象很明显,导致最终的得分偏低。今天,华樱外语的王老师想跟同学们说说如何用细节拓展独立口语内容。

 

首先来看一个例题:Talk about a popular gathering place in your town where people like to go. Describe theplace and explain why people enjoy going there. Include specific examples anddetails in your response. 要求描述一个人们爱聚集的地方并解释原因。

 

考生拿到这个题大多会选择一个shopping centerleisure center或者park这种比较适合各个年龄阶层的人去的地方作为topic,下面是某位考生的作答:

 

In my opinion, people in my town like to go to the central park for two reasons:

To begin with, they can do some exercise there. A lot of people will go to the park todo some sports to keep healthy. Sometimes the whole family will get together inthe park to do exercise.

In addition,people could enjoy the beautiful views in the park and they feel relaxed. Theycan get close to nature and release pressure from work or study.

So that’swhy people in my town will go to the park.

 

我们来分析这个段子,开门见山给出topicpark, 用两个理由支撑—do exercise and enjoy views,但整个答案欠缺的就是细节充实的问题。比如do exercise后面,考生可以直接列出具体细节:

 

People like to play Tai Chi or go jogging in the morning,and the whole family may get together to go for a walk after dinner or playbadminton in the park.

 

直接给出这种细节描述exercise让段子更生动,而不是一直重复people do exercise or do sports.

 

同样的,第二层关于enjoy beautiful views后面也可以增加一些具体的景物描写,trees, flowers, lake, bridge, fountain等。

 

下面给出一个对比的范例:

Well, agathering place in my town is the central park.

One reasonis that the park provides people a place to do some exercise. For example, oldpeople would play Tai Chi in the early morning, students may go jogging aroundthe park, and the whole family could go for a stroll after dinner. By doingsome sports, they can keep healthy and energetic.

Plus, peoplehave the chance to get close to nature and escape from the rest of the citylike the concrete buildings, loads of schoolwork and huge pressure from work. Imean, they could feel the fresh air blowing their face, the smell of theflowers in the park.

So that’swhy citizens like to go to the park.

 

这样整个口语回答会显得更充实,更容易拿到高分。

 

二、给出具体的数据。时间和金钱是两个万能的理由。

1Describe the most efficient type of transportation in your country. Usedetails and examples to explain your response.

Topic: airplane

Reason 1: fastsave time

Reason 2: no traffic congestion

 

对于第一个reason, 我们可以直接给出数据和对比:For example,it only takes me 2 hours to fly from one city to another, however, when Ichoose to take train, it may cost me more than 20 hours.充分说明taking airplane is more efficient.

 

2You prefer to watchmovie in the movie theater or at home.

Topic: at home

Reason 1: save money

Reason 2: have more options when choosing movies

 

对于第一个理由,我们可以用倍数形式来显示在家看电影多省钱:watching movies in the movie theater costs 2 timesmore than watching same movies at home.

 

3:这座建筑很高。

The building is verytall.

扩展细节:The building is as tallas 468 meters, ranking first in Asia and third in the world. There are 68spheres in the building and the three biggest ones are observatories, wheretourists can have a birds-eye view of the whole city. It has been the landmarkof the city since it was completed.

 

四、抽象的名词给出小的并列例子加以具体化

例一:那里有很多食物。

There is a lot of traditional Chinese food.

There is a lot of traditional Chinese foodlike Fried rice with egg, Gong pao Chicken, Ma Po Tofu, Dumplings, Pecking Duckand so on.

 

例二:那里风景优美。

It has beautiful scenery there.

It has beautiful scenery there. I can smellthe grass and flowers,hear the cries of the birds, and feel the bracing breeze on my face.

              

以上这些方法,童鞋们要牢记在心,然后在平时的练习多总结、积累自己的素材,在考试中合理地运用,让自己的回答更有细节和说服力。

 

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