主体段写作之举例论证
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主体段写作之举例论证

文章来源:华樱出国   发布时间:2017年03月20日   点击数:

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托福写作分为了独立写作和综合写作两个部分,而独立写作占据了很重要的分数比重,独立写作从结构上可以划分为开头段、主体段和结尾段。今天,华樱外语的杨老师整理了托福独立写作主体段的一种很实用的写法——举例论证。举例论证细又可以细分为下面两类:概括举例与具体经历。

 

1. 概括举例

e.g. We now have the convenience of ordering food and buying clothes without the need of going outside because of the rapid development of internet, therefore we can save time that we were supposed to spend on cooking or shopping and use it to watch some TV series or reading some magazines.

 

划线的句子属于用一类概括事物来举例:订餐,买衣服;看电视等。

这中类型的举例有一种让语言闪亮的方法,即把概括的例子排比起来。

 

e.g. Second, sports and entertaining stars provide us with good entertainment. On weekends, many of us attend a football match that includes Beckham, see a movie that stars Julia Roberts, or go to a concert that features Celine Dion.

 

e.g. If you want to be a singer like your parents, they can introduce some famous musicians to help you get opportunities of performance. If you want to be a businessman, your business parents may also be able to share their partners with you.

 

这种排比写法其实结构不复杂,但对语言的要求会高些。

 

2. 具体经历

e.g. A famous female singer in China is a good example of this. Her name is Dou Jingtong, she is the daughter of the most well-known male rock singer Dou Wei and female pop singer Wang Fei in China, although we cannot deny that she certainly paid her efforts to develop her music career, her parents influences and reputation of course play a vital role in bringing much-needed public attention for her, which greatly facilitates her job.

 

e.g. Popular and wide use of social communication applications, such as wechat, whatsapp and facetime, allows us to connect friends no matter where they are. I have a good friend in college who studied Spanish, and we used to spend a lot of time together during college. After graduation, I stayed home in China and he went to Latin America to work in an embassy. Are we still friends given that we are such thousands of miles away? Definitely yes! Since he always posts his pictures of landscapes and local people of Latin  America on his wechat moments, I become more connected with him. I will always talk with him on the internet about those interesting and curious experience he had.

 

个人经历一定要尽量让例子详细,有细节,比如地名,时间等等,比如第二例子里面提到的学习西班牙语,拉美大使馆工作,分享人物及风景照片;同时例子也要合乎逻辑,每个句子都应上下衔接。

 

以上就是杨老师整理的托福独立写作的举例论证方法。托福写作论证方法丰富,各有各的优点,同学们要根据不同的题目类型和能力范围灵活处理,综合运用多样的例证手法,增强对自己观点的支撑力,写出逻辑完整的文章。

 

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